Garden

Elderberry - Sambucus nigra

Elderberry - Sambucus nigra


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Generalitа


Sambucus nigra is a shrub that is completely perennial and rustic and develops "bushy" in a vigorous manner.
The elderberry plant can reach up to 6 meters in height and 6 meters in diameter.
The leaves of this variety have an oval shape, are divided, serrated and of an intense green color. The flowers are small, white-yellowish, are characterized by a delicate scent, and appear at the beginning of summer. The fruits are round, purple tending to black. This kind of plant, belonging to the family of Honeysuckle is native to Europe, America and Asia.
It is a plant that commonly grows in the spontaneous state but can easily be cultivated, even in pots.

Exposure



Sambucus nigra prefers sunny or partially sunny locations. To obtain a greater flowering the elderberry plants must be placed in a luminous position, where they can receive some hours of direct light a day. they grow well even in semi-shadow positions but, in this case, the flowering will be less.
Being a completely rustic plant, Sambucus nigra can withstand rather harsh temperatures and does not present any particular problems even if cultivated in areas where, in summer, temperatures are quite high.

Ground



The soil in which the elderberry is grown must be kept moist and well drained, even if the plant adapts to live in other types of soil, given the rustic nature of this plant. To have an ideal substrate it is good to have a mixture of sand, soil and peat, so that it is well drained and soft.
As for the water supply, the specimens placed in the ground are satisfied with rainwater and can also withstand periods of drought, while those grown in pots need moderate watering during spring and summer do not create water stagnation.

Multiplication



the reproduction of this kind of plant to obtain new specimens can take place by sowing, from mature seed during the spring season, or during the winter season, through the harvesting of woody cuttings.

Elderberry properties


Thanks to its characteristics of resistance and rusticity, the plant adapts to living well in most temperate climates.
Relevant is the use of Elderberry in cooking and in medicine, where the properties of the same are best exploited, especially at the level of digestive aid. However, consider the fact that if you ingest the berries and leaves of the plant in large quantities they can be harmful to your body.

Variety



The varieties of juniper are different, one of the most common is the Sambucus Nigra "Guincho Purple", a garden hybrid that is characterized by small flowers, of vanilla color with pink stamens, which develop on spikes in early summer

Elderberry - Sambucus nigra: Pests and diseases



This kind of plant is characterized by a great rusticity and resistance, which make it little inclined to attack by pests and diseases. However, some insects exist which, if not contrasted, can ruin the leaves of plants of this genus. In any case, it is difficult to intervene with preventive interventions based on insecticide products, given the rustic nature of the juniper specimens.