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Repis or wild currant is a shrub that was introduced to Europe from North America at the beginning of the 18th century. And only after several centuries, they became interested in it as an unpretentious ornamental shrub. Over time, the juicy berries of the crayfish were also appreciated.
Today, wild currants are grown in various countries: the Baltic states, the Czech Republic, England, the North Caucasus, Asia, Ukraine, Belarus, Russia. As you can see, the climate and soil in the above territories are completely different, but this does not prevent the census from growing and bearing fruit well.
- General descriptions of wild currants
- Shrub growing
- Care of the census
General descriptions of wild currants
Wild currant is a powerful shrub with a height of 1 to 3 meters, which is resistant to both heat, drought and frost, dust, smoke, less susceptible to pests and diseases.
In the coldest and blizzard winters, wild currants can freeze slightly, but the shrub recovers very easily and quickly.
The census leaves look like small three-lobed gooseberry leaves, and the medium-sized berries resemble a mix of currants and unripe gooseberries. In autumn, the green plates become bright - red and yellow shades appear on the leaf.
The large and bright yellow flowers of the census have a pleasant aroma, due to this they attract bees. Blooms in late May.
This similarity between the wild plant and other crops has given rise to the misconception of the wild currant as a hybrid breed, although the plant is the original species.
Medium sized wild currant berries. They have a long, withered calyx and are yellow to black in color. The skin is quite dense, sourish in taste. The interior of the fruit is quite unusual. Reminiscent of a mixture of black and red currants and the sweetness of gooseberries.
Wild currant berries are used to prepare compotes, jams and preserves, and are also eaten raw. Rich in vitamins C and A, they are healthier than lemons, apricots, peaches and bell peppers.
Wild currants are grown on a variety of soils: from sandy to clayey. But the key to success in growing census lies in the right choice of planting site and good material.
The rules for choosing seedlings:
- A wild currant seedling should be without signs of drying out and with a well-developed root system up to 20 centimeters;
- The aboveground part of a high-quality seedling is 1 - 3 woody branches from 10 centimeters long;
- Each branch of the seedling should have at least 3 green buds.
Planting of wild currants is carried out in autumn or early spring. To do this, choose bright places without drafts and excess moisture.
The soil for census can be varied, but organic fertilizers must be applied to it.
Experienced gardeners recommend pouring 5 kg of rotted manure or 200 g of superphosphate into a hole for a plant measuring 50x50x50. Cover all this with a thick ball of earth, then plant a bush and cover it a little with earth. Again add 2 cups of wood ash and sprinkle with soil again, sprinkle with water.
Wild currants also propagate by cuttings, which are harvested 30 cm long or more, since the census takes root worse than cultivated currant varieties.
Cuttings are planted at the end of August - the first half of September. For this, the growth of the current year is selected, removing the unripe tops. Before planting, pieces of shrub are soaked in water for 3 days, and then buried in a hole up to 20 centimeters deep. Before the first cold weather, the cuttings are watered, not allowing the soil to dry out. To conserve moisture, the hole is mulched.
It is worth noting that for the fruiting of wild currants, it is necessary to plant two bushes so that the bees can transfer pollen with flower families to the second plant, only then the ovaries will be full.
Fruits appear in the second year. But that's just a couple of berries, nothing more. A full harvest can be obtained from a 3 - 5 - year old shrub. Despite such a framework for ripening berries, wild currants bear fruit for up to 20 years.
Care of the census
Caring for a census does not differ much from growing ordinary black currants, but still has several of its own nuances:
- Watering the bush is carried out once a week after planting the bush and stops after the foliage blooms. Then it is recommended to water every 2 - 3 weeks.
- Feeding wild currants is carried out 2 times:
Spring - use poultry droppings and mineral fertilizers;
Autumn - 4 kg of humus, 20 g of potassium sulfate or a glass of ash.
- Wild currant requires little or no pruning when used as a fruitful plant. If the bush is used as a decoration for a garden plot, the census must be cut off.
The optimal period for pruning shrubs is early spring. Weak and dry branches, which last more than 5 years, are cut with garden shears. As a result, several young shoots should remain.
If the bush is still young, wild currants are formed by sanitary pruning, leaving only strong shoots.
Blackcurrant pruning technique that can be applied to wild currant: