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Despite the fact that the flowering period for tulips is short and you have to decide how to fill the quickly empty space in the flower bed, they do not cease to be popular. Today there are almost three thousand tulip varieties that can satisfy the taste of the most demanding gardener.
- The most suitable period for planting tulips
- Rules for planting tulip bulbs
- Mistakes when planting tulips and how to avoid them
The most suitable period for planting tulips
The optimal planting period for tulips begins in mid-September and lasts until the end of October. An amendment should be made for certain regions: in the north, planting should be already at the beginning of September, to the south, planting can be postponed until the end of October. To correctly determine the planting time of tulips in a certain region, it is enough to know the optimum soil temperature.
Tulips are planted when, at a depth of about ten centimeters, the temperature does not exceed ten degrees Celsius. Planted in warmer soil, the flowers will have time to germinate before winter, and will not bloom in spring. A later planting will not give an opportunity to put down roots before frost.
Rules for planting tulip bulbs
You can grow the elite and most capricious varieties of tulips in the garden, adhering to the simple rules for planting them:
- Choosing a seat for landing. Tulips prefer a sunny location. In partial shade, they bloom if the soil is sufficiently fertilized and loose. Plants do not like strong strong winds. If the place where the flowerbed with tulips is planned is prone to stagnation of moisture, sand or fine gravel should be poured onto the bottom of the holes or grooves. It will be a natural drainage, will not allow the bulbs to rot.
- Soil preparation. It is advisable to plant plants in a garden bed with light sandy loam soil. The land should be ready by the end of August. It needs to be dug to the depth of a shovel, fertilized with humus, compost and superphosphate. Fresh manure, which causes fungal diseases or rotting of bulbs, is contraindicated. Tulips assimilate nutrients in close proximity to the root system, so superphosphate can be applied when planting under each bulb. It will be useful to add wood ash in the proportion of a glass per square meter. Too dense soil can be lightened by adding sand.
- Selection of bulbs. If the planting material has not grown in its own flower bed and it is necessary to purchase it, it is best to do this immediately after it has been dug up. This is the end of July, beginning of August. After spending money on the bulbs, the gardener will make sure that they are properly stored before planting in the ground. After lying for several months in a warehouse or store shelf, where the microclimate is not always appropriate, they can dry out and die.
- The planting material should be dense, evenly colored, without visible spots and mechanical damage, well dried. Before planting, the bulbs must be soaked for about two hours in a weak solution of potassium permanganate. If there is no time for prophylaxis, it is enough to shed this potassium permanganate wells for planting. Large bulbs and babies should be planted separately from each other. The children planted in the fall will not bloom next year.
- Planting depth. Depends on the bulb and is approximately three times its size. This is about 10-15 centimeters for large bulbs, 5-7 for children. The bulbs can be planted in both holes and grooves. In the second variant of planting, planting material of the same size should be selected for each individual groove. It is very important for tulip bulbs to maintain the correct planting depth, and with their different sizes, the depth of the groove is almost impossible to determine.
- Distance between bulbs when planting. Depends on the size of the bulb itself. Usually it is about 10-15 centimeters. Children can be planted more closely. If planting is done in rows, then the distance between them is 30–35 centimeters. It is not necessary to take a tape measure with you to the garden: this distance is equal to the height of the bayonet shovel.
- Watering. Before planting, prepared holes or grooves must be well shed with water. You can water the plants after planting to help the soil wrap around the bulbs. But first, you need to level the ridge with a rake so that water does not accumulate in the grooves.
- Preparing for winter. Although tulips are perennial plants, it means that they are adapted for wintering, they should be covered if winter is going to be cold. For these purposes, use humus, peat, fallen leaves. In addition, under such a "fur coat" the earth will not crack during temperature changes, and the temperature itself will be more even, which has a beneficial effect on plant growth.
Mistakes when planting tulips and how to avoid them
Tulips are quite unpretentious plants, but some planting errors can leave gardeners without flowering in the spring:
- Planting too late. A late-planted plant will not have time to prepare for winter, to take root. In spring, it will most likely enter sick and will not bloom, or it will happen much later. If the tulip "lingers" from the beginning of flowering until June, then you can not admire the flowers. The peculiarity of this plant is that at temperatures above 25 degrees, the growing season stops, the peduncles die.
- Incorrect planting depth. It is very important to maintain the required planting depth. If the bulb turns out to be higher than the prescribed depth, it may not withstand the winter cold. Deeper burying is fraught with the fact that in the spring the plant will be late with the beginning of the growing season.
- Planting diseased or damaged bulbs. The planting material must be in perfect condition. If tulips are not purchased, but grown and dug up in their own garden, it is worth carefully reviewing each bulb. If there are doubts about its quality and health, such material should be thrown away without pity. A diseased bulb will not decorate a flower garden, but will only harm it by infecting all the rest of the planting material.
Breeders have developed a large number of varieties with different flowering periods: early flowering, medium flowering and late flowering. A selection of different varieties of plants will extend the flowering period for several weeks.
See how to plant tulips correctly in the video: