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Pyrethrum pink, or Persian chamomile, is closely related to pyrethrum meat-red, with which it is often confused. Both plants belong to the Asteraceae family and are very similar in appearance - large inflorescences like ordinary chamomile, but the reed petals are painted in juicy shades of pink and red-crimson flowers.
Persian chamomile grows in natural conditions in the foothills of the Caucasus and in the Transcaucasus; it has been introduced into the culture for a long time and has been popular with gardeners for more than two centuries. In places of natural settlement, it is represented by numerous varieties, differing in size and color of flowers - from pale pink to juicy, saturated shades of crimson and burgundy. Terry forms are found.
As a result of the work of breeders, many hybrid forms and varieties have been obtained that are common throughout the globe.
- Growing conditions
- Planting and leaving
Persian chamomile is a perennial herb with an average height of 50-70 cm, with a straight stem and pinnately dissected leaves of various sizes - larger at the base, and smaller and narrower along the stem. Feverfew blooms with inflorescences-baskets with a diameter of 3 to 6 cm, consisting of two types of flowers - reed and tubular.
Ligulate are arranged in a circle and are colored in shades of pink, and numerous tubular flowers are collected in a dense core of juicy yellow color. It blooms in early or mid-summer; in favorable conditions, it continues to bloom for up to two months.
To prolong flowering, the wilting inflorescences are removed. Feverfew forms a loose bush that grows with superficial rhizomes. Looks beautiful in monoplantings and in mixborders with other perennials, but it may require periodic renewal, since in conditions of severe winters and high humidity the plant "falls out" and its life can be limited to several years.
So that the Persian chamomile does not degenerate, the plants are periodically divided and transplanted, new ones are sown or young seedlings are planted. With such constant attention, the flower garden does not lose its attractiveness for a long time.
Due to its straight and rather rigid stems and beautiful bright flowers, pyrethrum pink is in demand not only as an ornamental garden plant, but is also actively used in cutting. Looks beautiful in a bouquet made only of this plant, but it is in perfect harmony with other garden flowers, including the common chamomile, other pyrethrum, coreopsis, echinacea and rudbeckia, as well as herbs and gypsophila.
The beauty of pyrethrum pink makes it popular in gardening and floristry.
In places of natural distribution, this plant is used to growing in sufficiently fertile soils without excess moisture, therefore, in gardens it is planted in areas with good fresh soil, rich in nutrients, permeable and loose.
Skinny, dry and sandy soils will not work for pyrethrum - it will grow poorly and bloom, the inflorescences are quickly crushed, the bush will wither and die. Also, low, flooded places are not suitable for chamomile - for all the unpretentiousness of this plant, it will not survive for a long time, especially in the cold season. In the right place in the garden, the Persian chamomile will show itself in all its glory.
The plant is unpretentious to light, it can grow well in partial shade, but the sun is needed for good lush flowering. In the sun, the plant may suffer from drying out, but if it is regularly watered, it will calmly withstand a place open to the sun's rays.
The ideal option is an area that is illuminated by the sun for part of the day, and slightly shaded the rest of the time. In such conditions, feverfew will exist for a long time.
Watering regime is important for Persian chamomile, especially during the flowering period. With chronic water shortages, flowering can be dramatically reduced, and the plant itself will weaken.
If it is "flooded", superficially located roots will shake out and the bush may die. Uniform moderate watering guarantees good health, longevity and high-quality flowering of pyrethrum pink.
On poor soils, well-rotted humus or compost can be applied. The plant has superficial roots, which are often exposed and dry out, therefore mulching the soil with humus-sprinkler not only feeds the chamomile, but also mulches the bushes. Mulch also protects against drying out of the soil.
Persian chamomile is an unpretentious, fairly frost-resistant plant that adorns the garden all summer.
Planting and leaving
The plant reproduces in three ways:
- By dividing the bush
- Sowing seeds
Overgrown plants can even be divided by hand. Each part should have strong developed roots and several powerful stems. If the shoots are too tall and the plant does not hold well in the ground, they can be shortened - the pyrethrum will quickly recover and form a healthy, elegant bush.
Flowering with this method of division will occur in the year of planting. The plant is divided in the spring, when the development of the green mass begins and the buds are clearly visible. Delenki are planted in a permanent place, fertilizers can be added to the planting pit. Transplanted plants require regular watering, and in case of high temperatures and bright sun, shading.
Sowing seeds allows you to get many new plants or grow different varieties of pyrethrum. Seeds are scattered over the surface of the earth in boxes placed in warm rooms. From above they are covered with a thin layer of earth and watered. Warmth and regular spraying will help to produce a friendly and vigorous crop. The optimal sowing time is March.
The resulting seedlings are placed in a cooler room, and the grown seedlings are gradually accustomed to the environment, exposing them to the open air. After hardening, the seedlings are planted in a permanent place, covering from the scorching sun. Some of the seedlings will bloom in the same year, the rest the next.
Self-seeding is an easy way to obtain large quantities of hardened seedlings. The last inflorescences of pyrethrum are not cut off, but left to form seeds. Falling, the seeds remain in the ground, and in spring they germinate, hardening naturally. The grown seedlings are dug up and transplanted. The disadvantages of this method are that seedlings are scattered throughout the site, and different varieties are confused.
Feverfew is an easy-to-propagate, unpretentious plant.
The Persian chamomile planted in the garden will decorate it with beautiful bright flowers for a long time. In organic farming, pyrethrum powder is used for pest control.
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