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Among connoisseurs - florists, gardeners, both amateurs and professionals, you will not find people indifferent to roses. When choosing flowers for planting in a summer cottage or the territory adjacent to the house, you should pay special attention to the climbing rose. They are widely popular among lovers of landscape design, they are simply irreplaceable when choosing a vertical method of landscaping, they have an excellent property - the ability to combine with different styles, complement and decorate garden plots.
- Features and varietal differences of roses
- Planting and growing methods
- Caring for roses for several years of life
- Disease Control Ways
Features and varietal differences of roses
The lush bloom and unique fragrance of roses attracts everyone. Therefore, many tend to grow roses on their plots. But not many people know how whimsical these plants are, how whims and what kind of care they require. In addition to the subtleties in growing, there are also differences in varieties. Each variety of climbing roses has its own characteristics that must be considered when choosing this plant as a garden decoration.
There are several main varieties of climbing roses:
- Rambler. Roses are distinguished by large and lush inflorescences, this variety of roses blooms for a long period of time, but is not capable of repeated flowering. Powerful, lush whips create a beautiful green hedge that is adorned with beautiful fragrant flowers throughout the summer.
- Climber. A more viable variety, it is distinguished by increased reliability and resistance to diseases. The flowers of this variety are large and lush, bloom 2-3 times per summer. But a distinctive feature of this variety is the lashes, they are capable of reaching a height of 4 m, and are perfect for decorating high fences and walls of the house.
- Cordes. A relatively young variety of climbing roses, the main difference of which is its exuberant flowering for a long time, until late autumn.
- Dortmund. One of the most common varieties, it is considered ideal for growing in any area. These roses bloom without interruption throughout the summer.
- New Dawn. Medium resistant to the effects of diseases. It reaches a height of about 2 m. It is known for its graceful curvature of the shoots, which makes it possible to use flowers for decorating bouquets.
Planting and growing methods
In order to breed climbing roses on your site, you must choose good varieties, necessarily grafted, the shoots must be even, without signs of disease. The whole planting process can be divided into several stages:
- Choice of time and place. Early spring is best for planting bushes. It was at this time that roses take root faster and tolerate the transplant procedure itself less painfully. The soil should be fertile, rich in trace elements, fertilizers can be applied in advance. The site should be open to the sun, as climbing roses are light-loving plants.
- Pit preparation. The size of the hole depends on the size of the bush, but on average it is 50-70 cm in depth and width. Each pit is pre-fertilized, watered and only then planted. A distance of up to half a meter is maintained between the bushes in order to provide each plant with the amount of sunlight it needs.
- Plant preparation. Before planting, it is necessary to trim the seedling, the most optimal will be a seedling of 20-30 cm. After that, it is treated with humates. The root system can be previously wrapped with plastic wrap. It is able to create a greenhouse effect and stimulate the growth of the root system.
- Directly planting a plant. The roots must be freed from the film, evenly distributed in a pre-prepared hole. Then they are sprinkled with a small amount of earth, compacted. Only in the absence of voids in the root system, you can completely fill the hole with earth. This takes into account the level of vaccination, it should be several cm above the ground.
- Watering and fertilizing. After the plant is planted, it is watered with warm water and manure solution.
This completes the planting process. How viable the rose will be, how quickly it will take root, will depend on further care, as well as the wishes and care of the gardener.
Caring for roses for several years of life
After planting, one of the most important periods begins in the life of a plant - the first year of life. It is at this time that it is determined how well it will take root, what properties it will have, how hardy it will be, whether it will be prone to lush flowering, and so on. During the first year of life, you must follow a few simple rules:
- Root dressing. For root feeding, it is best to use an infusion of wood ash and manure. With this infusion, the roots of the plant are fertilized no more than 1 time in 2 weeks.
- Foliar dressing. The same solution is used, but sprayed with rose leaves. This is done once, preferably at the beginning of summer.
- Preparing a shelter for wintering. In November, a kind of house is usually prepared. The whips of the rose are bent to the ground and covered with pine branches. They allow you to protect the plant from frost, wind and moisture, and provide full air circulation. To protect the plant from rot, you can put a board under the whip.
- Spring pruning. After winter, it is necessary to bring the plant back to life. To do this, all the lashes must be inspected, checked, cut off damaged, frozen or rotted, straightened and strengthened.
- Treatment. For the prevention of various diseases, climbing roses in early spring are recommended to be treated with Bordeaux liquid.
This completes the first stage of the life of a young plant. The second year begins. By this time, the roses are already stronger, more resilient and require less maintenance. Basically, it consists in timely watering and infrequent feeding. It is also necessary to monitor the lashes, cut off dried or damaged ones, give the plant an attractive appearance and free it from unnecessary load.
Disease Control Ways
Like any plant, climbing roses are no less susceptible to various diseases than others. The most common growing diseases and problems include:
- Lack of calcium
- Powdery mildew
- Black spot
- Insects (aphids)
Various methods are used to eliminate and prevent plant diseases. You can use only agro-industrial, chemical preparations, you can use folk remedies, or combine both methods of protection.
For example, for the control of insect pests, an insecticide solution can be used, to which a solution of laundry soap is added to enhance the effect that is harmful to insects. To replenish the calcium deficiency, a spray solution is prepared. It includes copper sulfate, liquid soap, and hot water.
To combat the most common disease - powdery mildew, various decoctions and infusions of plants, such as horsetail, nettle, are used. You can also use onion peels. To prevent the spread of the disease, all dead and infected plant shoots are cut and destroyed.
For prevention purposes, a solution of foundation is used. Fandazole can also be used to combat rust and black spots, for this it is used in combination with Bordeaux liquid at a concentration of 1%. For the prevention of rust, there is a proven folk remedy - tomato stepchildren and dandelion leaves are collected during the period of plant growth, filled with warm water and infused until the fermentation period.
Preventive measures can keep the plant blooming throughout the summer, as well as protect neighboring plants from infection. Methods for processing climbing roses do not require special skills, solutions and decoctions are mainly used.
The rose is rightfully called the queen of flowers, because only she is inherent in unique grace, refined beauty and elegance, a magnificent aroma. Climbing roses have all of these properties. They undoubtedly require especially attentive, constant attention and care, they are capricious and demanding.
But many gardeners love them precisely because they are able to give all the love and care that is given to them in the form of beautiful inflorescences and fragrances. Every garden must have its own queen.
An interesting video about the care of climbing roses and their reproduction: