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Informational article about the benefits of Chinese cabbage, its use in medicine. Peking cabbage looks more like a salad than a cabbage. We will try to find out how to grow Peking cabbage at home, because this particular type of cabbage contains many useful substances that can help a person survive the winter.
- Description of the features of Chinese cabbage from the point of view of botany
- How to plant Chinese cabbage at home
- Benefits of Chinese cabbage and its use in medicine
Description of the features of Chinese cabbage from the point of view of botany
Peking cabbage, although it belongs to the genus Cabbage from the Cabbage family, is still not a subspecies of garden cabbage, but a subspecies of turnips. Also, Chinese cabbage is close to Sarapetian mustard. The homeland of this culture is China, where it was grown already in the 5th century BC. e. Later, from China, it spread to Japan and Korea. In these countries, Chinese cabbage was used not only as a vegetable. Oil was obtained from its seeds.
Most of all, Peking cabbage was selected in the middle of the last century in Japan. Here, by means of hybridization, they tried to increase productivity and early maturity. Only after 1970 in the countries of Europe and in the United States began to pay attention to Peking cabbage, and in recent decades, sufficiently large areas have been allocated for it, including for growing in greenhouses.
Peking cabbage is a biennial plant, but is cultivated as an annual. Her leaves are elongated, corrugated or smooth with clearly visible veins. The veins are sometimes lighter in color than the leaves. Peking cabbage leaves form a loose head of cabbage or rosette, up to 25 - 40 cm high. Distinguish between head and leaf forms. On the cut, the head of cabbage is light, most often light yellow in color.
Peking cabbage can be grown outdoors throughout the season. You can get three crops in a summer. But given that excessive heat and drought are not good for this crop, it is best to grow it in the spring - early summer, or at the end of the season. In general, Peking cabbage is quite cold-resistant, it feels good at temperatures of + 15 and withstands a drop to -4 degrees.
In winter, Peking cabbage can be grown not only in greenhouses, but also at home. In low light, Peking cabbage grows more than lettuce or head lettuce.
The following varieties are suitable for this:
- Spring - the variety tolerates a lack of light well, yields a harvest after 28 days, heads of cabbage are loose, half-open, weighing 0.2 kg.
- Lenok is an early ripening variety for salads, forms a fairly dense rosette of leaves weighing up to 0.3 kg.
- Vesnyanka is an early-ripening variety with a head weight of up to 0.3 kg, ripening in 30 days, the greens are juicy, tender.
- Khibinskaya is the earliest variety, you can cut the leaves after 25 days, very juicy, tasty.
How to plant Chinese cabbage at home
The agrotechnology of growing Peking cabbage is simple. Since this crop is a short day, it will grow well at home from September to March. It is in those months when there is a lack of vitamins and fresh herbs.
Planting pots and soil
Peking cabbage prefers neutral or slightly alkaline soil. You can use a ready-made mixture for cabbage crops or take garden soil with the addition of rotted compost and wood ash. Planting containers must be selected with a sufficiently large volume. It is desirable that at least 0.5 - 1.0 soil be used for one plant. It can be either one pot or a planting box. A drainage layer must be poured onto the bottom. Expanded clay, broken brick will do.
When grown in pots, 3-4 seeds are sown per pot with a volume of 3 liters. You can use individual pots with a volume of 0.5-1.0 liters. Peking cabbage can be sown in a box in a row, the distance between the seeds is 3-4 cm, between the rows - 10 cm. As it grows and is used, the plantings will thin out, which will positively affect the growth of the remaining plants.
Seeds are buried in moist soil to a depth of 0.5 - 1.0 cm. The pots are covered with foil and placed in a warm room, where it should be at least + 22 degrees before the seeds germinate. After 5-6 days, shoots will begin to appear, the film is removed, and the air temperature is reduced by 5-7 degrees.
Growing and care
After sprouting, with proper care, Peking cabbage grows quickly enough. In order for young leaves to grow well, at night the temperature in the room should be + 12 + 14, during the day + 15 + 18 is enough. If the apartment has a closed loggia with heating or there is a warm veranda in the house, then containers with Chinese cabbage can be put there.
This culture does not require additional coverage. The first crop can be removed when the casting has reached a size of 8-10 cm. This can be done either by pulling out the plant with the root, or by cutting off individual leaves. In the latter case, new ones will appear in their place. During the cultivation period, Chinese cabbage requires watering. This should be done when the soil dries up by 2-3 cm.
When using well-fertilized soil, additional feeding of Peking cabbage is not needed, since this culture is early ripening, it does not have time to deplete the soil in 30-40 days. It is necessary to use fresh leaves of Peking cabbage primarily for preparing salads. You can also add it as a greenery to the first and second courses, without subjecting it to heat treatment.
Benefits of Chinese cabbage and its use in medicine
The modern development of greenhouses is capable of providing fresh greens trading enterprises all year round. However, many housewives strive to have fresh herbs grown on their own on the windowsill. First of all, such greens are safe, healthy, do not contain nitrates and other harmful substances, and they are always at hand.
Growing Chinese cabbage at home gives constant use of a very useful product in food. This applies primarily to the prevention of cancer.
Scientists in South Korea have found 14 substances in the ground parts of Chinese cabbage that prevent the formation of cancer cells in the human body. It is important to know that eating fresh Chinese cabbage is not only cancer prevention. Its use is also indicated after radiation therapy. The inclusion of fresh Peking cabbage in the diet is recommended during the rehabilitation period after surgical removal of tumors.
This allows patients to recover faster. Also, the juice of Peking cabbage can be used as a means of promoting scarring of stomach ulcers. Due to its low calorie content and high vitamin content, Chinese cabbage helps to cope with metabolic disorders, reduce weight and overcome vitamin deficiencies.
Video about growing Chinese cabbage: