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Garlic in home gardens is a fairly common crop. Is this really so, and what are the ways to increase the yield of garlic? This will be discussed below.
- How to choose quality planting material
- Yield increase methods
- Sowing bulbs
How to choose quality planting material
Garlic is a vegetable crop popular among many peoples. Its cloves, flower arrows and leaves are widely used for culinary purposes as a savory condiment. Garlic is widely used in traditional medicine recipes. This culture propagates with cloves and air bulbs.
According to the method of cultivation, there are winter and spring varieties of garlic. The first thing to do to get a high yield of garlic is to stock up on high-quality planting material.
In this case, preference should be given to varietal zoned garlic. At the moment, quite a lot of productive varieties of this crop have already been bred. You can buy such garlic in gardening stores.
Local garlic can also be used for planting. When choosing it, you need to pay attention to the following signs:
- The covering scales of the lobules must be clean and intact. They should be free of spots and signs of rot.
- The heads must be free of any damage in the form of cracks. In most cases, they indicate that the planting material is infected with a garlic mite.
- Preference should be given to heads consisting of 4-5 large full-bodied teeth.
- You should not buy garlic of Chinese origin for planting. It can be distinguished by the color of the covering scales. They are usually pure white in color.
Yield increase methods
The key to a high harvest of garlic is its proper agricultural technology. You should start with the correct fit.
The most important thing when growing winter garlic is to choose the right planting date. If the teeth are planted too early, they will take root and have time to germinate before the onset of frost. From this, the garlic will most likely not die, but it will not give a good harvest either.
When planting too late, the teeth, on the contrary, do not have time to take root and therefore die. On average, about a month should pass from the moment of planting the planting material to the onset of stable cold weather. In recent years, the weather has become more and more unpredictable, so it is advisable to mulch the beds for the winter. This will facilitate the wintering of the planting material, and in the event of a winter with little snow, it will prevent its freezing.
Proper fertilization can also significantly increase yields. To do this, humus and ash are introduced under the digging at the rate of half a bucket of humus and a glass of ash for each square meter of the garden. In early spring, immediately after the snow melts, planting garlic should also be fed with nitrogen fertilizers. For this, you can use ammonium nitrate or urea. Fertilizers are diluted according to the attached instructions.
In May, the period of intensive growth, garlic should be fed with infusion of bird droppings. Prepare it as follows:
- Pour the litter with water in a 1: 1 ratio.
- Leave the solution to infuse for 5 days.
- Dilute the resulting infusion at the rate of 1:15.
Attention! When applying fertilizers, it should be remembered that excessively fertilized garlic is extremely poorly stored.
Breaking out arrows
Most winter garlic varieties are arrow-headed. Their yield directly depends on how correctly and timely the arrows were removed. You should start breaking the arrows immediately after they grow back to a height of 10-15 cm. You should not delay with this. The longer the arrows stay on the garlic, the more nutrients they will pull out of the heads and, therefore, the head size will decrease significantly.
Remove arrows with scissors or a knife. In this case, hemp with a height of 3-4 cm is left on the plant from them. A small part of the arrows on the garlic beds can be left to obtain planting material in the form of bulbs. They will also serve as a guide for the maturation of the heads.
In order for the harvest of garlic to be high every year, it is necessary to periodically renew and heal the planting material. To do this, once every 2-3 years, it is necessary to sow the bulbs. This method has the following advantages:
- The planting material is healed, since diseases are not transmitted during seed reproduction.
- Over time, pathogens accumulate in the heads of garlic. Therefore, from year to year, the yield of such garlic decreases.
The grade improves. In most cases, not the largest teeth are chosen for planting. As a result, there is a gradual degeneration of the variety. The seed method allows you to fix this. The yield increases. From one flower arrow, on average, you can get up to 100 full-fledged bulbs.
During podzimny sowing, each of them will grow a rather large one-toothed onion, which can already be used for food. When multiplying with cloves, about a quarter of the harvest goes to further reproduction. When growing garlic, one must not forget about timely watering, loosening the soil and weeding. They also have a significant impact on the yield of garlic.
Video about the correct feeding of garlic: