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Land owners, when landscaping the territory, try to give a part of the garden a natural look. Here, cultivated species of wild flowers and shrubs, such as the common Dubrovnik, come to the rescue.
Dubrovnik is a plant that is widely found on the territory of the Eurasian and African continents. The genus includes about 100 different species, almost two dozen of which grows in the wild on the territory of Russia and the former republics of the USSR.
- Dubrovnik. Description of the most common types
- Reproduction of Dubrovnik
- The use of Dubrovnik in folk medicine
Dubrovnik. Description of the most common types
The life form of most plants from the genus Dubrovnik is perennial herbaceous plants or dwarf shrubs. The species differ in their size. There are undersized representatives of the genus a little more than 10 cm in height, and there are tall ones - up to 1 m.
Almost all plants of this genus have a pungent specific smell, in many species similar to the smell of garlic. This allows Dubrovnik to be used as a herb. Its medicinal properties make the plant popular in folk medicine, and decorative leaves and flowers can decorate any garden. This is evidenced by the descriptions of some species:
White Dubrovnik - the plant got its name from its white pubescent stems and white or cream-white flowers. The perennial shrub is most often found in the southern regions of Europe, Asia and northern Africa. The plant is no more than 0.4 m in height.
Prefers rocky slopes and talus. The leaves are feathery with dense pubescence. Blossoming begins in May and lasts until August. Very drought tolerant. In general, the plant is unpretentious and grows well on light soils. Propagated by cuttings, seeds. Oriental Dubrovnik - the plant has good winter hardiness. In addition, when the snow melts, some of the stems and leaves are already green.
The height of the shoots is 25 cm. The flowers are delicate purple, 10 mm in diameter. Flowering continues until the first frost. The best decorative qualities of this species are manifested when planting on a rather large area.
During flowering with such a planting, Oriental Dubrovnik gives the impression of light purple clouds. Common Dubrovnik - the plant has straight stems with dense pubescence. The height of the stems is up to 40 cm.
The leaves are also pubescent. Red or red - purple flowers are collected in an inflorescence of spikes. Flowering begins in July and lasts until the end of August. Loves soils with a decent lime content. Mountain Dubrovnik is a low, up to 10 cm species. The flowers are yellow or white-green.
The plant has a very decorative and attractive appearance in the middle of summer in the midst of its flowering. The species is unpretentious and is often used in rock gardens. Round-leaved Dubrovnik is also suitable for them. It forms gray-white cushion bushes. All types of Dubrovnik are undemanding. You can grow them yourself.
Reproduction of Dubrovnik
The plant reproduces by seeds, dividing bushes and cuttings. Seeds need stratification, so it is better to sow them before winter. With this sowing, they will go through a dormant period in natural conditions and in the spring will give amicable shoots. Can be propagated by dividing the bushes in May.
When propagated by cuttings, they are cut in mid-summer from side shoots. Cutting length - 10 cm. Rooted in light moist soil in a small greenhouse. As soon as the roots appear, the Dubrovnik is transplanted into individual pots, which are transferred to the room with the onset of autumn. In the spring, they are transplanted into open ground to a permanent place.
Dubrovnik is grown in the sun or under a small shade of thin bushes or trees. Before planting, you need to dig up the soil and add humus or compost. This will help the plants to bloom more abundantly. The earth should be light with a neutral or slightly alkaline reaction. In the first two to three years, the plant grows rather slowly.
Dubrovnik plant video:
Requires watering only when planting and in the absence of precipitation for a long time. In the presence of excess moisture, soil drainage is required to drain water. The rest does not require special care. Dubrovnik can be grown not only for decorative purposes, but also for use as food and as a means of traditional medicine.
The use of Dubrovnik in folk medicine
The genus Dubrovnik belongs to the Yasnotkovye family. The plant is the closest relative of the following herbs:
White Dubrovnik is most often used in cooking. Garlic and laurel dubrovnik is also suitable for these whole.
As a means of traditional medicine, the herb of ordinary Dubrovnik, garlic and some other species is suitable. Indications for use are:
- disturbances in the digestive tract
- inflammatory process in the kidneys
- wounds and skin diseases
- infection with worms
Like any drug, you should not use Dubrovnik without consulting a specialist. Choosing a dubrovnik for a garden plot, you can not only get an unpretentious plant to decorate it, but also use it for medicinal and culinary purposes.