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Boxwood evergreen: planting, growing and caring for a shrub

Boxwood evergreen: planting, growing and caring for a shrub


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Among ornamental evergreens, the boxwood shrub occupies an honorable place in the leading list among holly, trachycarpus, lavender and arundinaria (ornamental bamboo). Despite the foreign origin of the name boxwood - from the Latin Buxus - it is quite unpretentious in handling and does not require special dexterity and skills of an advanced gardener.

Content:

  • In what season to plant, how to choose the soil and prepare for planting?
  • Optimal temperature, lighting, watering
  • Leaving immediately after planting
  • Growing and grooming activities

In what season to plant, how to choose the soil and prepare for planting?

Owners of country houses and backyards use evergreen shrubs to decorate the landscape. Boxwood tolerates temperature changes well, is frost-resistant, normally refers to cutting the crown and is not picky about care.

In nature, there are about 30 plant species that live in certain regions and have characteristic external differences. Thanks to this, only one plant can be used to decorate a personal plot, the plants of which will not require individual, reverent care every day.

Despite the fact that boxwood is an outdoor plant, there are a number of types of shrubs that can be used to decorate a room. For example, the variety "Buxus harlandii Hance" will allow you to create an amazing arrangement in a flower box. A distinctive feature of the plant is its slow growth, which allows you to create a miniature masterpiece in a flower pot.

Depending on the age of the plant, its planting time is determined. So, it is recommended to plant young buxus in the autumn, and individuals from 3 years old and older are less whimsical, you can plant plants at any time of the year, except for winter. The choice of seedlings for arranging a front garden is not difficult. The main thing is to decide what effect its owner wants to achieve.

Continental shrubs are distinguished by large green leaves and a lush crown. Saplings with yellowed or spotted leaves are not the best option, because such signs indicate the imminent death of the plant or its illness. The soil for the skid must be well-drained, loose and contain basic nutrients.

Like tomatoes, boxwood likes neutral soil. To determine the acidity of the soil, litmus paper is used - in the common people it is called indicator. Stages of determining the acidity of the soil:

  1. On the site, determine the preferred place for placing shrubs and dig small holes 30-35 cm deep.
  2. Take a handful of earth from each, moisten with water and press down with litmus paper.
  3. Check with the pH reference school that will be included with the indicator paper upon purchase. So, soil of different acidity will have a color from red (strong) to yellow (weak) level. Neutral acidity - greenish to blue.

Optimal temperature, lighting, watering

It is better to plant boxwood bushes in cloudy weather or after sunset. The pits for the shrub should exceed the volume of the root system several times. At the bottom of the hole, it is recommended to place sod soil, leaf humus and sand, in a ratio of 2 to 4 to 1, respectively, and season it with potash fertilizer.

Buxus bushes take root for 3-5 weeks. Therefore, the shrubs planted in the autumn are not recommended for cutting, because during the winter cold, the plant must be covered with snow. It is recommended to sprinkle the soil around the boxwood trunk with waterproof soil. The subsequent movement of a young seedling on the site is possible only in April. Shrubs planted in poor soils will have a fluffy crown, but the growth rate will slow down significantly.

To improve the living conditions of an evergreen inhabitant, slaked lime or compost can be added to the soil. Direct exposure to sunlight negatively affects the health of the plant.

Therefore, the bushes should be planted on the shaded part of the site. If there are no shaded areas on the site, it is necessary to create an artificial shade to protect the delicate boxwood leaves from burns. Bukbsus has a positive attitude towards the neighborhood, it does not conflict with other plants on the site.

Despite the previously stipulated frost resistance, temperatures below 20 degrees below zero are tolerated ambiguously - the plant may die. Therefore, it is necessary to insulate the soil during cold weather. An ordinary heat insulator can help in this difficult matter or arrange a garden like a greenhouse.

Leaving immediately after planting

After planting, the plant needs to be given minimal maintenance. In the summertime, watering several times a week is recommended to prevent dehydration. The rest of the time, it is enough to spray the leaves of the boxwood from the sprayer and occasionally water the roots. Frequent watering promises rotting of the root system.

The plant should be transplanted from place to place no more than several times a year. An optional, but eye-pleasing element of plant care is a haircut. The haircut can be done several times a year. Depending on the frequency of cutting, the frequency of feeding the plants with nutrient solutions is determined to replenish the nutrients. Watering after clipping should be done more frequently for the first few weeks.

Growing and grooming activities

Secrets for growing and caring for a plant:

  1. Mulching the earth with agrofibre around a boxwood seedling can be replaced with chopped bark of coniferous plants or coniferous needles.
  2. Fallen leaves are not suitable for mulching. Because under the thickness of the snow, rotting may begin and the plant will die or the root system will acquire fungal or infectious diseases.
  3. To create a hedge, it is recommended to start planting plants in the spring, so that the root system is well strengthened and dispersed in growth. For this, it is necessary to prepare pits at a distance of 0.3-0.4 m.

Thus, observing the minimum list of plant care requirements, you can get an ideal garden that is pleasing to the eye, which does not require a special approach in caring for and maintaining its flowering and life.

Video about the correct planting of a boxwood shrub:


Watch the video: Shrubs for Small Spaces (May 2022).