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The cultivation of cicas requires special attention, caring for it is a strict adherence to rather complex rules. Nevertheless, outwardly very reminiscent of a palm tree, it attracts the attention of true lovers of home floriculture with its originality.
He is able to decorate any room and will definitely become a real pearl of the winter garden.
Let's take a closer look at what kind of care the cicas requires at home, find out if the owner can admire its flowering.
- Tsikas - description of the plant
- Is it necessary to transplant cicas after purchase
- Caring for cicada at home
- How the cicassus blooms, what its fruits look like
- Is it possible to grow cicas from seeds, plant propagation by children
- Diseases and pests, what to do if the leaves turn yellow
Tsikas - description of the plant
This ancient tree-like relative of ferns has existed since the Mesozoic. The representative of the Sagovnikov family, widespread in the southern outskirts of Madagascar, Fiji and Japan, is represented by garden species on the territory of our country.
For some resemblance to the palm, it is also called the "sago palm" and "cycad". Since the flower grows very slowly, it is often used as an indoor flower.
Other features include:
- In natural conditions, it reaches ten meters in height and one and a half in width. Indoors it grows up to two meters, grows only a few centimeters per year with the addition of one tier of leaves annually;
- A root system that looks like a bulb;
- Young leaves are light in color. They are soft and delicate to the touch, but gradually become hard and darken. In length, adult leaves can reach several meters and live for a couple of years;
- On the same bush, male and female reproductive organs are adjacent, since it is a dioecious plant. It is on women that large brownish bumps appear, the length of which reaches five centimeters;
- The main trunk is massive and very wide, with a large pith and dense bark;
- The rosettes are concentrated on the top of the barrel.
At home, cicas rarely bloom. However, if someone is lucky and the cycad blooms, artificial pollination and greenhouse conditions will have to be used to obtain seeds.
Is it necessary to transplant cicas after purchase
One of the most common mistakes gardeners make when buying cicas is to transplant it immediately. This is due to the fact that the substrate in the container with the purchased plant is not suitable for long-term cultivation.
If the purchased plant is absolutely healthy, transplanting can only do harm. A transplant made between early autumn and early spring can lead to the death of the cycad.
However, if the purchased flower begins to turn yellow, transplanting can become a must. However, when transplanting, it is worth using only the transshipment method without destroying the earthen coma. Its destruction can lead to root damage and death.
Caring for cicada at home
It is worth starting leaving with the selection of a place for it. It is important to take into account that he does not tolerate tightness, for better development he needs space, since with growth it takes up more and more space.
In addition, it is recommended to remember about:
- Air humidity, although the culture is not particularly demanding on it and develops well in dry air. However, in summer, when temperatures rise above 20 C, it is recommended to keep the humidity between 60-65%. This can be achieved simply by placing a container of water next to the pot. It is recommended to spray the leaves once a week, followed by wiping them with a soft cloth;
- Optimum temperature - poorly tolerates temperature fluctuations. A sharp cold snap can completely destroy it. In the warm season, the optimum temperature is 20 - 23 C, and in winter 12 - 14 C. If the temperature in winter is above normal, the flower can simply shed the foliage, therefore it is so important to observe the alternation and ensure mandatory winter rest;
- Light - the cicassus is good for sunlight, but direct rays can adversely affect its condition. Therefore, you should not put the pot on the southern windowsills. Rooms with diffused light, but not partial shade, are best suited. The latter will slow down its growth. When choosing a place, you should pay special attention to the windowsills that face the southwest. In winter, it is recommended to provide an additional source of lighting - to purchase a phytolamp;
- Transplant - it is worth doing every five years with extreme caution. In this case, the new pot should be slightly larger than the previous one. But the top layer should be renewed annually;
- Watering - cicasas poorly tolerate excess moisture, so it is worth watering no more than once every seven days, and in winter every few weeks. For irrigation, it is recommended to use soft water at room temperature;
- Fertilizers - the best option for a cycad is the introduction of complex dressings, they can be bought at any specialized store. However, it is important to remember that when applying fertilizers, it is worth adhering to the measure, since an excess will be much worse than a lack.
With proper care, the flower will not cause trouble, it will develop actively and delight the owners with lush green foliage. Unpretentious and exotic, the flower will decorate any home.
Even more useful information - when watching the video:
How the cicassus blooms, what its fruits look like
Rarely are anyone lucky enough to see the cicas bloom on the windowsill. Our climate, despite all the tricks of gardeners, is not quite suitable for the plant. However, if someone is lucky enough, he may see small greenish flowers collected in inflorescences. Outwardly, the flower may resemble a head of cabbage.
After flowering, small fruits are formed, which turn brown as they ripen. Gradually, the spherical capsules open and the seeds fall out. In the natural environment, the seeds scattered in this way contribute to the spread of the cycad.
Is it possible to grow cicas from seeds, plant propagation by children
The best method for breeding at home is seating by children. The latter are formed on the mother plant at the soil level. It is important to remember that only those that have reached at least seven centimeters in diameter are suitable for seating.
Recommended for seating:
- Carefully separate the baby from the mother plant using a flexible blade knife;
- It is recommended to cut the leaves from the cutting and treat the cut site with a fungicide on the main sprout;
- Place the baby in fresh air and dry for several days. Treat the cut with charcoal;
- Plant the resulting stalk into moist light soil from a mixture of sand and perlite;
- When disembarking, it is important to maintain a temperature of no more than 27 C.
It is important to remember that the period during which the rooting of the cuttings takes place stretches up to six months or even a year. After taking root, it is recommended to pick up a nutrient mixture of turf soil, bark, sand and peat. When replanting, it is important not to immerse the bud too deeply in the soil.
Only professional growers can grow a flower from seeds, as this is a rather laborious process that requires special skills.
First of all, because the cicassus cannot produce viable seeds without artificial pollination. Seeds are sown three months after they are harvested. During this time, the embryos in the seeds will finally ripen.
For disembarkation it is recommended:
- Place the seeds in warm water to swell;
- Plant by gently pressing into the germination substrate;
- Moisten the soil, keeping the temperature no more than 25 C.
The first shoots should appear within a few months. During this time, the plant manages to throw out one leaf. After that, you need to transplant it into a previously prepared substrate for further cultivation.
Watch a video about growing cicada from seed:
Diseases and pests, what to do if the leaves turn yellow
Most of the problems that can arise when growing cicassa are associated with improper cultivation, in particular, rot, which destroys the root. It provokes the development of yellowing of the leaves and their subsequent death.
This can lead to:
- Excessive watering of the soil;
- Low temperature, which is not suitable for the growing season of the plant;
- Heavy substrate.
If the cycad was affected by rot, it is recommended to destroy it immediately, since it is impossible to save the affected plant.
In the case of the formation of purple spots on the leaves unusual for it, their drying and falling off, it is worth checking the flower for parasites.
This is often caused by attacks of scabbards that live on leaves and trunks. It is important to notice the parasites in time and eliminate them, otherwise their attack can completely destroy the flower.
After the scabbards are found, it is recommended to remove them as soon as possible, which can be done by wiping with an ordinary damp cloth. After a few days, the procedure should be repeated, and the regular inspection of the plant should be continued for another week.
However, if the defeat is too large and it is impossible to remove parasites mechanically, it is worth using insecticides, in particular, the use of karbofos gives a good effect. The optimal concentration of this drug is up to twenty drops per liter of liquid.
Tsikas have to be attributed to quite demanding and capricious plants, it is important to take into account that the flower does not tolerate drafts and direct sunlight very poorly, which is important to consider when growing.
When transplanting, it is especially important to make it exclusively by transshipment, together with an earthen lump, since its delicate root system is very delicate and does not tolerate damage well.
All gardeners should take into account that this plant is not only very beautiful, but also dangerous. The core of the flower is poisonous, so it should be placed as far away from pets and small children as possible in order to avoid possible troubles.
Growing cicada at home is not so difficult, but it requires some attention. However, it will not take much time, for your attention - the flower will thank you a hundredfold with lush and beautiful foliage and sometimes, if you are especially lucky, with luxurious flowering.