Garden

Evergreen jasmine - Trachelospermum jasminoides

Evergreen jasmine - Trachelospermum jasminoides


We are searching data for your request:

Forums and discussions:
Manuals and reference books:
Data from registers:
Wait the end of the search in all databases.
Upon completion, a link will appear to access the found materials.

Generalitа


Trachelospermum belongs to the Apocynaceae family and is native to Asia. It is a genus that has about 30 species of evergreen climbing shrubs, suitable for living in areas with a warm temperate climate. They have flexible and thin stems, of green or reddish color; the leaves are lanceolate, dark green, shiny and leathery.
Trachelospermum jasminoides, also known as evergreen jasmine, grows luxuriantly throughout Italy, except for those regions where winter temperatures are particularly harsh.
The best time to plant Trachelospermum jasminoides is spring, between the end of April and the beginning of May. During the initial phase of growth, the plant must be supported and supported with appropriate supports, as well as guided because it assumes the desired shape. It has a fairly rapid growth, and can reach 5-6 meters in height; due to their dense evergreen vegetation they are often used also as a hedge.

Watering for this kind of climber must be moderate and regular, especially for young specimens; always let the soil dry perfectly between one watering and another, as the possible water stagnations are harmful to plant health. The specimens at home for some years are generally satisfied with the rains, they need watering only in case of very prolonged drought.Flowering



The flowering of these shrubs occurs in the summer in June and July. The flowers, grouped in buds, are small, white and delicately scented.
After flowering, it is advisable to clean the plant of all withered inflorescences.

Multiplication


To obtain new specimens it is good to multiply the specimens by cuttings. More precisely, after flowering, in the period of July-August, cuttings of about 10 cm are taken from the main branches, which must be planted in a mixture of peat and sand in the appropriate containers, where they must remain throughout the winter. Once the rooting has taken place, the plants will be placed in pots of about 10 cm in diameter; you will have to wait for spring to be able to plant them outdoors, in the desired position.
In April-May it is advisable to carry out the necessary pruning, intervening on the most vigorous branches.

Most widespread species



Among the most important species we remember the Trachelospermum jasminoides, the most cultivated species, and the Trachelospermum majus, which is characterized by the leaves, which during the autumn and winter become orange-red.

Evergreen jasmine - Trachelospermum jasminoides: Pests and diseases



Plants belonging to this genus are often attacked by the cochineal and by aphids which can cause numerous damages to the affected specimens. For this reason it is good to proceed with a broad-spectrum preventive treatment before the vegetative restart or, in the presence of parasites, with specific antiparasitic products or with natural compounds that can be made with a garlic-based preparation, boiled in water and vaporized on plants showing the presence of aphids.